Children learn language by listening and practicing what they hear. Language is not learned simultaneously. Most children learn language in a sequence which is referred to as language development.
Just as physical development happens in a sequential order at different speeds with different children, children develop language at different speeds. It is important that your child’s language grows at a consistent and steady rate as they approach preschool years. If it does not, reading and learning development may be hindered.
TYPES OF SPEECH AND LANGUAGE DISORDERS
Just as we participate in vaccinations and physicals, all in hopes of preventing problems down the road, there are things that can be done to prevent speech and language problems.
Articulation/ Speech Sound Disorders
◾Leaving sounds out of a word (nana for banana)
◾Changing how sounds are made (Petah for Peter)
◾Substituting one sound for another (wook for look)
◾Problems understanding what others are saying
◾Problems saying words and sentences
◾Having problems with reading or writing
◾Not using “appropriate” language for a given situation
◾Problems interacting socially with others
◾Difficulty with word finding
◾Using a small vocabulary
◾Difficulty with comprehension of what has been read or heard
◾Struggling with following directions
◾Repeating sounds at the beginning of words (”b-b-bball”)
◾Pausing while talking
◾Saying “um” or “uh” a lot while talking
◾Stretching out sounds (“ssssssssssschool”)
◾Hoarse, breathy, or nasal-sounding voice
◾Speaking with a pitch that is too high or too low
◾Talking too loudly or too softly